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Rosacea is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide, including those living in Malaysia. While there are no specific statistics on the prevalence of rosacea in Malaysia, it is estimated that around 10% of adults in other countries may be affected by the condition. It typically appears on the face and is characterized by redness, visible blood vessels, and pimple-like bumps. Although there is no known cure for rosacea, it can be managed with appropriate treatment and lifestyle changes.

Rosacea can occur at any age, but it is most commonly diagnosed in individuals between the ages of 30 and 50. Women are more likely to develop rosacea than men, and those with fair skin, light-colored eyes, and a family history of rosacea are at a higher risk of developing the condition. Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disorder that primarily affects the face, causing redness, flushing, and sometimes small, red bumps or pustules. The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

In Malaysia, the hot and humid climate may exacerbate rosacea symptoms, as increased heat and humidity can trigger flushing and redness in the skin. Additionally, certain foods and drinks, such as spicy foods, alcohol, and hot beverages, may also trigger rosacea symptoms.



The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, but research suggests that it may be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Certain triggers can exacerbate symptoms, such as exposure to sunlight, stress, alcohol, spicy foods, and certain medications.


There are four subtypes of rosacea, each with distinct symptoms. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea is characterized by persistent redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels. Papulopustular rosacea involves acne-like breakouts and bumps on the skin. Phymatous rosacea causes thickening and swelling of the skin, particularly on the nose. Ocular rosacea affects the eyes and may cause redness, dryness, and sensitivity to light.

Diagnosing rosacea typically involves a physical examination of the skin and a review of the patient’s medical history. In some cases, a skin biopsy may be necessary to rule out other conditions.


Treatment for rosacea usually involves a combination of topical and oral medications, as well as lifestyle changes. Topical medications may include antibiotics and retinoids, which can help reduce inflammation and improve skin texture. Oral medications may include antibiotics and isotretinoin, which is used to treat severe cases of rosacea.

A broad-spectrum coverage sunscreen with at least  SPF-30 should be used to prevent symptoms triggered by sunlight.

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle modifications can also help manage rosacea. Patients are advised to avoid triggers that worsen symptoms, such as excessive sunlight, stress, alcohol, and spicy foods. They should use gentle cleansers and moisturizers designed for sensitive skin and wear sunscreen regularly. Laser therapy may also be used to reduce the appearance of redness and visible blood vessels on the skin.

In conclusion, rosacea is a common and often distressing skin condition that can be effectively managed with appropriate treatment and lifestyle changes. Patients with rosacea should work closely with their dermatologist to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses their individual needs and concerns. By following their treatment plan and adopting healthy habits, individuals with rosacea can achieve clearer, healthier skin and an improved quality of life.