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Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide, including those living in Malaysia. In Malaysia, it is estimated that around 10-20% of the population may be affected by eczema.

Eczema is characterized by red, itchy, and dry patches on the skin, which can be very uncomfortable and distressing. 

In Malaysia, the hot and humid climate may exacerbate eczema symptoms, as increased heat and humidity can cause skin irritation and sweating, which can worsen eczema. Additionally, exposure to certain allergens or irritants, such as dust mites or harsh soaps, may trigger eczema flare-ups.



The exact cause of eczema is still unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. People with a family history of eczema, asthma, or allergies are more likely to develop the condition. Additionally, environmental factors such as irritants, allergens, and stress can trigger eczema flare-ups.


  • Red, itchy, and inflamed skin
  • Dry, scaly patches of skin
  • Small bumps or blisters that can ooze or crust over
  • Thickened, cracked skin
  • Discoloration of the skin

Eczema can occur anywhere on the body, but it is most commonly found on the face, hands, feet, and inside the elbows and knees. It can also be accompanied by other symptoms such as itching, burning, and stinging.


  • Moisturizers: Keeping the skin moisturized is essential for managing eczema symptoms. Using a fragrance-free moisturizer regularly can help prevent dryness and itching.

  • Topical steroids: Prescription-strength creams and ointments can be used to reduce inflammation and itching. These should be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

  • Antihistamines: Oral antihistamines can be used to reduce itching and help people sleep better at night.

  • Immunosuppressants: For severe cases, immunosuppressant drugs can be used to reduce inflammation and prevent flare-ups.

  • Light therapy: UV light therapy can be used to reduce inflammation and itchiness. This treatment is usually done under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

  • Biologics: Injection for moderate to severe eczema that can be used when other treatments have failed.
  • JAK-inhibitors: Oral medication for ages 12 years and above with moderate to severe eczema who failed other treatments.

Lifestyle Changes

  • Avoiding irritants such as harsh soaps and detergents
  • Using gentle, fragrance-free skincare products
  • Avoiding scratching or rubbing the affected areas
  • Managing stress levels

In conclusion, eczema is a chronic skin condition that can be both uncomfortable and embarrassing. Although there is no cure for eczema, there are many treatment options available to help manage the symptoms. By working closely with a healthcare professional and making lifestyle changes, people with eczema can live happy, healthy lives.